News reports suggest that US President George W Bush's "new direction" in Iraq will be more of the same. A "surge" in the number of troops appears to be in the works. The President's refusal to admit error or failure will now lead to more error and more failure. The ostensible reason for sending more troops is to control the sectarian violence engulfing Baghdad. Except for the most fervid advocates of this war, few observers think that additional troops will either increase the safety of Americans already there or provide the basis for long-term stability.