The Cold War had a profound effect on John XXIII. In April 1963, he issued the Pacem in Terris encyclical on 'establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty.' Are we yet prepared to meet the challenges it poses?
A student in Rome throughout John XXIII's pontificate, Bishop Geoffrey Robinson met the Pope two days after his election, when Cardinal Gilroy took Sydney students with him for his Papal visit.
Pope John XXIII issued two major encyclicals, Mater et Magistra and Pacem in Terris, in which he called the faithful and people of good will to work toward the common good. Inside is a collection of links to his writings.
Pope John Paul II emphasised social justice and human rights in his encyclicals Centesimus Annus and Laborem Exercens. He reached out to other religions and expressed a preference for the poor. Inside are links to his papal publications.
Pope John Paul II elevated George Pell to the Sacred College of Cardinals in 2003. Here, the former Archbishop of Sydney reflects on the legacy of the man.
'My memory of John Paul II is filled with gratitude. I cannot and must not try to imitate him, but I have sought to carry forward his legacy': Benedict XVI shared some personal recollections of Pope John Paul II in a recent interview.
Vatican Radio takes us back to Easter messages from Popes John XXIII and John Paul II. John XXIII wishes the faithful gathered in Saint Peter's Square a Happy Easter in English, a language he never quite mastered. John Paul II speaks of the Resurrection of Christ and of the message of the Angel to the holy women.
John Paul II updated the body of papal documents on Catholic social teaching. Building on the first groundbreaking social 1891 encyclical Rerum Novarum of Leo XIII, he sought a new dialogue with the world on capital and labour.
In 2003, then Archbishop Bergoglio made the following address to a group of pilgrims from the Diocese of Bergano, who were visiting St Peter's Basilica on the 50th anniversary of the death of Blessed Pope John XXIII.
John Paul II considered himself a 'Man of the Council,' and had attended all four of its sessions himself, being particularly influential in shaping Gaudium et Spes, the Pastoral Constitution of the Church. So what did it mean to him?
His death after just 33 days in office shocked the world. His papacy was one of the shortest of all time, but he left its mark on the Catholic imagination. How might history have been different if Pope John Paul I had lived?
Pope John Paul was one of the most travelled human beings in history. Of all the journeys he undertook as Pontiff, few could match the emotion and symbolism of his pilgrimage to the Holy Land in the Year 2000.
John Paul II was an actor, philosopher and poet, who witnessed first-hand the brutalities of Nazi and Communist rule of his native Poland and rose at a young age to be a force in the global Church.
He was a magnificent Pope who presided over a controversial pontificate, at times daring and defensive, inspiring and insular. John Paul II, 263rd successor of St Peter, left behind the irony of a world more united because of his life and legacy, and a Church more divided, wrote John L. Allen Jnr.
From the first day of his election, John Paul II's pontificate raised concern in Central Committee Communist headquarters. His 1979 visit to Poland was the detonator of revolution.
In one of his last great acts as a statesman, John Paul lobbied for peace in the Post-9/11 World. If his protests went unheaded, the succession of world leaders visiting him in Rome to discuss the crisis was a mark of the stature of his papacy.
John Paul's reign was one of the longest ever. In his 27-year Pontificate, it can be easy to overlook some of the key points that marked his life and his Papacy. Here are a few examples.
Pope John Paul came to Rome determined to deal with two historical events that fuelled anti-Catholicism: the condemnation of Galileo and the Inquisition, writes Ivan Kauffman.
John Paul's speech to Indigenous Australians at Alice Springs in 1986 embodies the most noble shared aspirations of Aboriginal Catholics and those wanting to see Aborigines take their place in the Australian Church, writes Fr Frank Brennan SJ.
The funeral of Pope John Paul II drew presidents, prime ministers, and crowned heads of State along with millions of pilgrims to Rome. The 'kiss of peace' even brought the warring presidents of Israel and Iran to shake hands.