Pope Francis has appointed Sydney’s Archbishop, Anthony Fisher, to the Vatican’s oldest and most influential congregation, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, reports The Australian.
The congregation is the Church’s final intellectual and moral arbiter in questions of faith and morals, the body that draws the line between what is acceptable writing/teaching/behaviour within the Church and what is not acceptable.
It was founded by Pope Paul II in 1542 as the Congregation of the Holy Office of the Inquisition to “spread sound Catholic doctrine and defend those points of Christian tradition which seem in danger because of new and unacceptable doctrines."
Almost a century later, it abandonned execution for heretics in 1640.
The word “Inquisition’’ was dropped from the name in 1904.